All About Drayage and What Drayage Does For You

All About Drayage And What Drayage Does For You

What is drayage? Drayage is a necessary logistics sector service and can contribute to the cold chain logistics sector. Learn more about exactly how drayage plays a role in the logistics process as well as this needed step can help you.

Comprehending the drayage process and its beginning can assist you in taking advantage of this logistics solution. Drayage is a logistics term that involves shipping goods a short distance using ground freight. Drayage can aid fill up the spaces in intermodal shipping. The terminology drayage describes a niche shipping service required to relocate huge containers for a truck, ship, or rail. In transportation, drayage is a crucial action in moving freight.

What Are Drayage Services?

The term drayage refers to a specialty logistics service that carries freight over a short-range. It is a crucial part of intermodal shipping. Drayage belongs to the container shipping market. According to the Intermodal Organization of The United States And Canada (IANA), there are more than 60 million drayage activities every year in North America.

The word drayage also refers to a particular niche shipping service required to relocate large containers for a truck, ship, or rail. In shipping, drayage is a crucial action in moving freight. How does cargo arrive from a rail car to a ship? Additionally, exactly how does a container get from rail to a truck? It all happens via drayage.

Drayage carriers should have the essential bonding as well as licensing. Drayage companies take containers in and out of storehouses, rail terminals, seaports, and harbors. This process often involves taking significant steel shipping containers off rail cars and also ship decks and then loading them on truck trailers. From there, the container is hauled to a warehouse or storage facility to get ready for the next step in the intermodal shipping process. Drayage belongs to a longer logistics process.

In drayage services, the containers carried usually remain in the same metropolitan area or close area. This standard is different than wider regional or national shipping. Only one driver change is generally needed in drayage transportation.

Before we get as well far along, recognize the term also has a variety of extra meanings throughout the industry.

Drayage additionally means:

  • The vehicle utilized to gather the shipment at a shipper, seaport, or intermodal factor
  • Call of the charge charged for the solutions

Transporting Making Use Of Drayage

The range as well as time-frame it takes a drayage service to move a container totals up to a brief period in the delivery. When a container ship arrives in port, a large contingency of drayage service drivers rapidly relocates the area to carry designated cargo.

Drayage also suggests delivering cargo to a warehouse, to one more port or supply to finish destination within a specified distance. Several companies can cover a plethora of services. Nevertheless, others may select to develop a niche like just rail-to-rail drayage.

In shipping, drayage is a needed step to maintain whatever relocating smoothly towards delivery. Nevertheless, as will undoubtedly various other aspects of transportation, points take place that might trigger drayage hold-ups by a few hours and even days. A lot of solutions can change sources to comprise the moment as a result of short distances.

Drayage is an essential step in the supply chain. The only method your freight can arrive from the port or intermodal terminal to the next set of transport is using drayage.

What is Intermodal Shipping?

Intermodal shipping is a means of moving freight or freight that includes multiple techniques of shipping. Intermodal shipments could trip on a mix of truck, ship, rail, or aircraft. Most of the time, intermodal shipments make use of special containers so that items can move in between settings of transport without having to be unpacked.

According to the Intermodal Association of The United States And Canada (IANA), approximately 95 percent of all worldwide manufactured items traveling in a container at some time. This volume means intermodal shipping puts on various sorts of cargo.

Drayage solutions attach these containers of freight from one intermodal point to an additional. For instance, a drayage solution may consist of carrying a container from an obtaining dock at a seaport to a trucking terminal for transportation to its final location.

Drayage Classifications

Drayage service isn’t a one-size-fits-all approach. You’ll locate a variety of categories of drayage solutions. Including:


Expedited drayage: Freight containers transfer quickly. This best relates to time-sensitive shipments.

Inter-carrier drayage: This is what comes to mind first when the majority of people consider the word drayage. It involves the shipping of goods between different carriers. As an instance, inter-carrier drayage may involve transferring products from a trucking terminal to a rail station.

Intra-carrier drayage: Intra-carrier drayage entails taking freight to 2 various hubs possessed by the same carrier. Cargo might re-locate from an intermodal hub to a rail hub.

Pier drayage: Do you need freight to move from a rail terminal to an ocean shipping dock or pier? You might require pier drayage. This approach uses freeways to get cargo to the pier.

Shuttle drayage: Shuttle drayage involves re-locating an intermodal unit to a temporary stopping point. This approach works when the hub of origin isn’t accessible.

Door-to-door: Delivery by truck of containers to a retail customer.

The category of service you pick depends upon your shipping requirements.

Carriers need to establish which kind of drayage service best offers the freight for delivery to finish the next leg of the trip. Moreover, it may be required for a freight container to move using drayage service several times throughout transportation.

The freight, if moved by intermodal drayage, would include more than one transportation kind before reaching a final delivery point. Shipping using intermodal drayage makes up the lion’s share of the market.

Each solution group covers a selection of things for the delivery. The designated driver might take the freight numerous hundred feet to a waiting truck or haul the cargo a couple of miles away to a storage facility near the port.

Whether the freight goes from truck to rail or ship to warehouse or any other mix, the link in the overall supply chain is drayage solution. Think of drayage as the short runner in the marathon of shipping.

Drayage Freight Shipping Services

Drayage Solution and the Cold Chain

Cooled shipping containers can make drayage a part of the cold chain. These units, also called reefer containers, are designed to preserve a low-temperature level for subject to spoiling items during the shipping process. Reefer containers can effectively ship items that must maintain a constant temperature level. Things like pharmaceuticals, create, food, cut flowers, and more frequently deliver in cooled containers.

The cold chain must never be broken, particularly for solutions like just how to transport ice cream and fresh fruit and vegetables. Cold chain logistics describes the procedure of shipping, keeping, and dispersing cold items.

Chilled containers function individually. This function implies they’ll stay cold no matter whether they are passing by rail, on a truck, or over the sea. Reefer containers are insulated by almost 1,000 pounds of foam and also include their own air conditioning devices. Reefer containers function like the refrigerator in your kitchen; however, on a larger scale. Three primary parts make the reefer trailer job: the compressor, condenser, and evaporator help the container stay trendy.

Cold chain logistics rely upon drayage solution to get items from one mode of shipping to the next.

The Background of Drayage Service and the Cold Chain

Drayage isn’t a brand-new principle. Current drayage techniques utilize state-of-the-art trucks and also new containers. Yet did you know that drayage goes back to before the 18th century? Chroniclers say that drayage predates the industrial age.

The term drayage originates from the words “dray.” A dray was a cart drawn by horses. Dray horses transported hefty loads of freight. Because the cargo was so heavy, the horses could just travel short ranges. The horses, as well as carts, worked near ocean ports, canal terminals, as well as railroad terminals. Dray horses, as well as carts, functioned till trucks took control of in the 1910s.

The cold chain isn’t new, either. The initial cold shipments happened in the 1840s. Shippers waited until the weather condition was severe outside and after that delivered their disposable things on ice to maintain their freezing temperature level. Cold chain innovation progressed in the 1910s when cold items were after that shipped on ice in trucks. The initial variation these days modern reefer trucks initially hit the trail in 1942, when the cooled truck was developed. Since then, reefer trucks and containers have made the cold chain feasible.

Why Drayage Service is Needed

Along with ports with intermodal containers, retail locations, along with exhibition sites, likewise, make use of drayage service. Comparable to relocating freight at a port, a great deal happens behind the scenes at mall and trade shows.

Take the mall as an example. Obtaining freight in and out of stores, specifically, those without outside packing locations takes collaborating with a drayage solution to receive delivery from the delivery truck to the store. Commonly, a typical delivery hub is available at retail shopping malls. Nevertheless, this short-range is essential for the shop to cover often.

The hectic nature of the exhibition also depends on drayage services to relocate exhibitors in and out effectively. Once materials for every exhibitor reaches the location, it is a frenzy of activity to obtain everything ready. Exhibitors might send out a team to create displays a few days beforehand.

Carriers gotten by the exhibitor supplies the shipment to the convention facility or location for the trade show. Next off, the drayage solution takes over to relocate the freight the short distance from the packing dock to the exhibitor’s area on the tradeshow flooring. While drayage covers a relatively short range, whatever is usually taking place at a stable pace. Crews are on hand to obtain seasonal goods shops or transfer exhibit cubicles and equipment to the appropriate place.

Drayage solutions are the unhonored heroes behind-the-scenes, ensuring to complete the work, so others look great. When the show finishes up, the service goes back to relocate whatever back out to the dock location, all set for carrier pick-up.

From time to time, the question may arise if drayage service is needed. The answer is likely yes because of what it requires to move freight from the dock to the intended room.

How to Contract a Drayage Solution Provider

When the demand develops to contract a drayage solution, a couple of things may be helpful to ask about when getting quotes.

How does the company calculate prices?
Is monitoring readily available for shipments?
Is keeping empty cages or containers an added cost?
When is delivery to the area set up?
What is the timeline of the delivery start/finish?

Knowing beforehand, the service level, or if other costs may appear can help in budgeting for the service beforehand. In some cases, the drayage service uses an inclusive plan covering multiple facets for one price.

In a retail or trade convention setup, the driver from the dray solution might have much more adaptability in their routine versus the driver functioning an ocean or rail transfer.

Drayage Shipping Services

Sorts Of Drayage Containers

The containers made use of for shipping freight been available in several dimension specifications and also with different features. A standard size container is either 20-feet, 40-feet, or 45-feet in size. A lot of containers are in between 6-feet to 8-feet in height.

Each container, constructed from either steel or aluminum, have optimal weight constraints on contents packed for delivery. A cooled container is likewise readily available to transfer freight that must keep a detailed temperature level.

Container types include:

  • Dry or basic
  • Open top
  • Flat Rack
  • High Cube
  • Cooled

The standard size and performance of the containers make them simple to load or unload for a selection of transportation settings. Yes, these containers are a few of the same ones you often see while waiting for a long line of train cars to whiz by you.

A contracted drayage solution needs to be well equipped to handle any one of the conventional shipping containers.

Fleet Concepts and Drayage

What is drayage? Currently, you can address this question confidently. Fleet Concepts can be your partner in cold chain logistics and drayage. Our skilled and professional team has the skills as well as understanding needed to obtain your disposable items from here to there. Make the most of our cold chain knowledge and allow us to help you.